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 first question in drama sheet

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مُساهمةموضوع: first question in drama sheet    الخميس نوفمبر 29, 2012 2:14 pm

Sean O'Casey's [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
30th September - 6th November 2004
[The Shadow of a Gunman is the first play in Sean O'Casey's Dublin trilogy, first performed at the Abbey Theatre in 1923 – James Joyce's [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط] had been published the year before. It is set in 1920, as the War of Independence rages. The other two Dublin plays are [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط] [Peacock], and [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط],
the latter of which caused a riot when first performed at the Abbey
because nationalists in the audience resented O'Casey's hostile
portrayal of the revolutionaries of the 1916 Easter Rising.


Dominic Dromgoole's revival of The Shadow of a Gunman is at the [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]in
London's Kilburn, long an Irish ghetto, where during the 70s and 80s
the local public houses were full of IRA fund-raisers. Clearly
Dromgoole wants the play to resonate with Kilburn's own history. The
key event in the play is a Black and Tan raid in the middle of the night
on a tenement house: the sense of what it is like to be caught up in a
war between guerrilla fighters and an occupying army is evoked with
extraordinary economy. How many wars of national liberation have there
been in the last eighty years, how many raids, how many innocents
killed? The mind shies away from these questions.


O'Casey said that the play:


is built on the frame of Shelley's phrase [from 'Prometheus Unbound']
"Ah me! Alas, pain, pain ever, for ever!"
Indeed the line is quoted in the opening moments of the play. This
suggests the play is a tragedy, and indeed it is. It ends with the
death of a brave and innocent girl, Minnie Powell (wonderfully performed
by Jane Murphy, making her first appearance on the professional stage).
All the characters seem hopelessly trapped in circumstances from which
they cannot escape. Every character (even Minnie's perhaps) is fatally
flawed. No good, it seems, can come of anything they do, and the
violence that surrounds them invades their lives whether they want it to
or not.


At the same time the play is a comedy. Indeed something like ninety
per cent of it consists of a seemingly unending series of comic
sketches. As in Beckett and Joyce, one can sense the constant influence
of the music hall. The comedy is all at the expense of the foibles of
the Irish – their inability to be tidy, clean, or punctual; their
addiction to long words; their drunkenness and wife beating; their
sentimentality and political naïveté; their love of literature and song –
so if the play wasn't written, directed, and performed by Irish people
one could hardly but suspect it of racism. This is the world of TV's Father Ted, but with 'real' violence instead of slapstick. As Seumas says (and Donal says much the same thing later):

That's the Irish People all over – they treat a joke as a serious thing and a serious thing as a joke.

There's no reason why a tragedy shouldn't also be a comedy – Martin McDonagh's [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
is surely both. But the comedy has to be black, and a good deal of
this comedy is actually rather sentimental. At one moment the play
seems bitter and angry and its message is summed up in the cry (repeated
more than once):

Oh this is a hopeless country!
But at another we are being invited to admire the pluckiness of the
characters, their ability to survive and even flourish in impossible
circumstances, their quest for truth, their "devotion", as O'Casey
himself says of the central figure, the poet Donal Davoren, quoting
Shaw:
to "the might of design, the mystery of colour, and the belief in the redemption of all things by beauty everlasting."
So there's a case for saying that the central weakness of the play is
that it can't decide whether it admires or hates the characters it
presents. But one could also redescribe this as its strength. O'Casey
sees both the best and the worst of the world he portrays, and he sees
that the two are inseparably connected with each other: fecklessness,
sentimentality, violence, indomitability, and love of poetry all bound
up together, each feeding on the others.


O'Casey himself had received almost no formal education, had worked
as a labourer, had lived in great poverty, had been active in
nationalist politics and had despaired of nationalism. He was forty-two
when his first play, this play, was accepted for the stage. He is
describing a world he is struggling to escape from, belongs to, and
can't get free of. Twelve years later he was to leave Ireland for the
last time – he lived twenty-nine years in England without returning.
Donal Davoren is "poet and poltroon, poltroon and poet." O'Casey, as
soon as he had established himself as a playwright, seems to have been
eager to leave the poltroons behind him.


Perhaps the most important feature of the play is that it portrays a
shadowland. Donal's poetry is clearly dreadful. His roommate has
become a local figure of fun because he spends hours selling a single
packet of hairpins. Young Tommy Owens wants to die for his country, but
hasn't the courage to fight for it. Minnie Powell wants to be a
gunman's girlfriend because of the status it will give her. Adolphus
Grigson pretends to be brave when he's a coward. Mr Gallogher expects
IRA gunmen to settle his dispute with his neighbours over whether their
children are too noisy. (This is a world of unbearable noise, where
people live seven and eight to a room.) Every character in the play is
caught up in a fantasy that they have no prospect of turning into
reality. Worst of all, Donal Davoren feeds these fantasies by allowing
himself to be mistaken for a gunman on the run, in the hope that this
will enable him to seduce Minnie. There is a real gunman in the play
(in the world of the play, that is), there are real bombs, there are
real soldiers, and real deaths, but all this reality takes place
offstage (the deaths), or is invisible to us (the bombs), or is only
apparent in retrospect (the gunman). The play is mired deep in a world
of shadows, illusions, fantasies. By the end Davoren has seen through
to some painful truths: he realises that Minnie is courageous, that he
is a coward, that he is responsible for her death. But the rest of the
characters are scarcely affected, and he is still trapped in their world
of shadows, and still spouting terrible poetry. We're never sure if we
can take these characters seriously enough to regard anything that
happens to them as tragic; the central irony of the play is that they
are all too flawed to attain the dignity of a single tragic failing.


It's a feature of the play that we can't be absolutely sure that
Davoren is not (as his neighbours come to believe) a gunman on the run.
In what way would his behaviour be different if he was? His arrival in
Seumas's room is mysterious, and he has no visible source of income.
If he wasn't on the run at the beginning of the play he is by the end.
It's easy to think that we have seen through the shadows and know what
is really happening, but the play leaves us a little unsure that false
appearances can so easily be distinguished from realities. Minnie,
after all, does turn out to be the real thing (or so it seems).


This is a stunning production of a beautifully crafted and brilliant
play. I really can't make up my mind about it. Is it too sentimental,
or is O'Casey's fellow-feeling for the downtrodden one of his strengths?
Does it commit the fault it repeatedly mocks, of turning comedy into
tragedy, and tragedy into comedy? Or is it the way in which it
negotiates back and forth between the two the very thing which makes it
worth watching? Is it trapped in a postmodern world of shadows, a play
about writing, a fiction about fictions, or is it truly remarkable for
its capacity to show the ways in which fantasy and reality are
inseparably intertwined? O'Casey, I think, wants to leave us in this
condition of uncertainty, but he also wants us to understand that there
is something deeply pathological about the world he portrays. Yeats
celebrated, in the Irish uprising, "a terrible beauty." As Donal says
in the opening speech of Act Two (this is a two act play):


There is an ugliness that can be made beautiful, and
there is an ugliness that can only be destroyed, and this is part of
that ugliness.
The sordid Dublin tenements in which the
play is set are now expensive apartments. The Kilburn pubs in which the
IRA once recruited terrorists are now turning into wine bars and
gastropubs. O'Casey would not have lamented the disappearance of those
worlds, and even those of us who think that the world is going to hell
in a handbasket would have to admit that he was right
].
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OSAMA
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العذراء القرد
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: first question in drama sheet    الجمعة نوفمبر 30, 2012 6:39 am

تسلم ايدك يا ابو السيد
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
dont ask
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: first question in drama sheet    الجمعة نوفمبر 30, 2012 1:03 pm

و انت اذى الصحة
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
JoOOoRy
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انثى
الجدي الحصان
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: first question in drama sheet    الثلاثاء ديسمبر 18, 2012 7:28 am


thanks

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معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
first question in drama sheet
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